Uncontrolled Movement of an O.R. Table

By Matthew F. Baretich, P.E., Ph.D.

Screen Shot 2018-02-27 at 2.48.38 PM.png

In this case, a patient was lying fully anesthetized on an OR table for a surgical procedure. Several minutes into the procedure, the table began to move without being directed by OR personnel. Efforts to stop the movement by using the standard control pendant or over-ride switches were unsuccessful. The table continued to move even after the power cord had been unplugged from the electrical receptacle. Eventually, the head and foot sections folded up to their extreme positions and the table tilted fully to one side. The patient received severe injuries.

Screen Shot 2018-02-27 at 2.48.49 PM.png

A series of carefully-documented inspections of the table were conducted by engineering experts, including Matt Baretich. The proximate cause was found to be damage to the stainless-steel shroud around the table’s support column (right) and consequent internal damage to the over-ride control switches (below). The damaged switches caused the table to move without human direction and did not allow the movement to be stopped by OR personnel.

Screen Shot 2018-02-27 at 2.49.05 PM.png

A number of factors made attempts to remove power from the table (which had battery backup power) unsuccessful. For example, the undocumented emergency shut-off switch was difficult to access. Other key issues: Design of the OR table. User and service manuals. Labeling on the table. Compliance with codes and regulations. Staff training. Third-party maintenance procedures. Manufacturer communications.

© 2016 Baretich Engineering, Inc. This article was first published as a blog post at baretich.com.